Types of Philodendron

Philodendron

Several types of philodendrons can be found in nature. These plants are large flowering plants that belong to the family Araceae. The plants are classified into two categories: the heartleaf and the split leaf types. The split leaf types are the most popular and are easy to grow.

Heartleaf Philodendron

Originally from tropical regions of Central and South America, the heartleaf philodendron is a popular houseplant. It has heart-shaped leaves that grow to be foot-long. In addition to being beautiful and easy to care for, this plant is also very robust.

Heartleaf philodendrons are also highly tolerant of low humidity. However, excessive humidity can cause fungus on the leaves. When this happens, the plant should be repotted. Repotting is important because it allows new root systems to develop. It is also important to water the plant properly. Water the plant when the top inch of soil is dry.

During the summer, heartleaf philodendrons require bright, indirect light. However, they are also tolerant of low light conditions. If they are placed in a room with too much direct sunlight, they will develop scorched leaves.

Split Leaf Philodendron

Generally considered to be a low-maintenance plant, Split Leaf Philodendron is not only a popular houseplant but also a very useful plant to have. The plant’s sturdy aerial roots, coupled with its ability to thrive in humid and warm conditions, make it a natural fit for any home. However, it can be susceptible to pests and other problems if not cared for properly. Here are a few tips to help you keep your plant healthy.

First, keep Split Leaf Philodendron in an indirect light source. This will prevent the plant from catching too much sun and burning its leaves. During the day, the plant should receive at least four hours of indirect light.

When watering your plant, be sure to water only the upper 1-2 inches of the soil. This will prevent the plant from developing root rot and yellow leaves. Overwatering will also stunt the growth of the plant.

Philodendron Varieties

Spiritus Sancti

Besides being an air-purifying plant, the Spiritus Sancti also has a unique shape. Its leafstalks can grow up to 60 centimeters. In their fully grown state, the leaves have a rabbit-ear shape.

The Spiritus Sancti is native to the Brazilian state of Espirito Santo. It is also considered an endangered species. However, this rare plant is cultivated by many people. It is sold for thousands of dollars.

The Spiritus Sancti can be propagated from seeds or stem division. It grows best in a well-draining soil mix. Watering it too much can cause it to develop root rot. It is also prone to infestation by spider mites.

To combat these infestations, remove the soiled area and clean it with a quart of water mixed with rubbing alcohol. The plant is then moved to an indirect light source and misted regularly.

Subhastatum

Unlike other philodendron species, the Philodendron subhastatum is a very unique tropical plant that is only available from specialty growers. It features glossy leaves that are bright green with red shading on the undersides.

The Philodendron subhastatum has been known to live for decades. It is a slow-growing plant that can reach a height of 6 feet and a width of 2 feet. It can be grown indoors in tropical climates and can also be taken outdoors during the summer months.

Its leaves are deep-lobed and leathery. The plant’s color depends on the amount of sunlight it receives. It also requires high relative humidity and moist soil to grow.

This plant can tolerate temperatures ranging from 59 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit. However, cold temperatures can cause stunted growth and lesion formation.

Brandtianum

Often referred to as the Silver Leaf Philodendron, this species of aroid is easy to care for. Its silvery markings on its heart-shaped leaves make it a favorite among garden enthusiasts. This tropical plant is native to Bolivia and southern Colombia. It can grow in both high- and low-light settings.

This plant is also easy to propagate. You can start by cutting a piece of stem that has at least two nodes, where aerial roots grow. Then you can place the cutting in water and watch for root growth. After about a week, you can transplant the plant in soil.

Besides watering, you can also treat the plant to get rid of diseases. The most common types of diseases are bacterial infections, fungi, and root rot. If you want to treat the plant, you can apply a fungicide or bactericide.